What is Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP)?
|Malformation of the great toes|
One of the rarest, most disabling genetic conditions known to medicine, FOP causes bone to form in muscles, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues. Bridges of extra bone develop across joints, progressively restricting movement and forming a second skeleton that imprisons the body in bone. There are no other known examples in medicine of one normal organ system turning into another.
Demographics of FOP:
- Rare, progressive genetic disorder that has an estimated prevalence of 0.88 per 1 million US residents, or approximately a prevalence of 1 in 1 million.*
- No ethnic, racial, or gender patterns
- Approximately 900 confirmed cases worldwide
|Flare-ups on the back of a young child|
Clinical Characteristics of FOP:
- Malformation of the great toes is visible at birth
- Flare-ups that worsen the condition occur spontaneously or following viral illnesses or physical trauma to the muscle such as: intramuscular childhood immunizations, falls, surgery, biopsy
- Rogue bone growth progressively restricts movement
- Often misdiagnosed as cancer (learn more about misdiagnosis)
- The exact rate of progression is unpredictable, although there appears to be a pattern to the progression (e.g., upper body in childhood and lower body in adolescence)
- The FOP Medical Treatment Guidelines are written by FOP expert physicians from around the world and contain detailed medical information and guidelines on the symptomatic management of FOP
- The International Clinical Council (ICC) on FOP was established to coordinate and consolidate a global voice for the best practices for clinical care and clinical research for people who suffer from FOP
- The International FOP Association (IFOPA) provides education and support services for families living with FOP
- There are FOP organizations like the IFOPA around the world. To find an FOP organization near you, click here
Research and Clinical Studies & Trials:
- The IFOPA also operates the only patient registry for FOP patients in the world. Participation allows patients to contribute to research and have access to the latest information on clinical studies and trials.
- No treatment exists, but nine clinical trials are currently underway
Watch our awareness video about FOP:
* Pignolo RJ, Hsiao EC, Baujat G, Lapidus D, Sherman A, Kaplan FS. Prevalence of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) in the United States: estimate from three treatment centers and a patient organization. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2021;16(1):350. Published 2021 Aug 5. doi:10.1186/s13023-021-01983-2